An approach for fabricating localized surface plasmon (LSP)-enhanced light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with Ag nanoparticles (NPs) in close proximity to the active layers is demonstrated. The blue light emission from InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) is increased by 4.4-fold at a wavelength of 470 nm. A faster decay time and a ∼1.5-fold higher spontaneous emission rate confirm the fast recombination channel provided by the LSP coupling mode of the Ag NPs. The internal quantum efficiency is improved by ∼53%. The proposed approach provides a low-cost, large-area, and simple platform for the development of high-efficiency InGaN-based plasmonic LEDs.
Analyses for Ti, Zr, Y, Nb and Sr in over 200 basaltic rocks from different tectonic settings have been used to construct diagrams in which these settings can usually be identified. Basalts erupted within plates (ocean island and continental basalts) can be identified using a Ti-Zr-Y diagram, ocean-floor basalts, and low-potassium tholeiites and calc-alkali basalts from island arcs Blazer Nike Leopard can be identified using a Ti-Zr diagram (for altered samples) and a Ti-Zr-Sr diagram (for fresh samples). Y/Nb is suggested as a parameter for indicating whether a basalt is of tholeiitic or alkalic nature. Analyses of dykes and pillow lavas from the Troodos Massif of Cyprus are plotted on these diagrams and appear to the tholeiitic ocean-floor rocks.
Previous research on competitive balance has examined the impact of league balance on local demand. Instead we examine how the competitiveness of the Chaussure Nike Blazer Basse local team impacts consumer interest in other league games. Our modeling shows an 8.93 percent increase in NFL playoff television ratings for out-of-market games when the local team is actively competing in the same playoff tournament. Additionally, we find a 4.94 percent ratings premium when the out-of-market game features teams from the same conference as the local team Blazer Nike Femme Courir and the local team is still active. We conclude that local team success is indeed related to increased interest in out-of-market games.
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